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"Be" as the main verb

Today I'm going to write about grammar and what a better way to start than with the verb "to be". "Be" can be an auxiliary verb or the main verb. As the main verb, its job is to connect a subject with its predicate (usually it's a noun or an adjective that indicates a state or a quality). In this post, as the title suggests, I'm only going to talk about the latter. But don't worry, I will talk about the other part in a future post.

“Be” as the main verb is used to talk about states, qualities, feelings, time, relationships, etc. In both Portuguese and Spanish, there are two different verbs for “to be” - "ser" and "estar".

Some expressions that use “to be” in English, we use “have” (ter) in Spanish and, sometimes in Portuguese as well: hungry, thirsty, right, wrong, … years old, sleepy, lucky. Find some examples below: